Category: Diseases

CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE

HEART FUNCTION ~ The heart is a large muscular organ which constantly pushes oxygen-rich blood to the brain and extremities and transports oxygen-poor blood from the brain and extremities to the lungs to gain oxygen. Blood comes into the right atrium from the body, moves into the right ventricle and is pushed into the pulmonary […]

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CARDIOMIOPATHY

‘Cardiomyopathy’ means “heart muscle disease”. It is the deterioration of the heart muscle (myocardium). Patients are often at risk of “arrhythmia” or “sudden cardiac death” or both. The heart muscle becomes inflamed and doesn’t work as well as it should. There may be multiple causes including viral infections. It is often associated with diseases involving […]

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MYXOMATOSIS ~ EXPERIENCES

In November and December 2002, myxomatosis was confirmed via postmortem tissue pathology in rabbits living indoors in Solano County (Vallejo) and in Sonoma County (Sebastopol), respectively.

This article is an attempt to relate, from a layperson’s perspective, the progression of the disease so that others who have rabbits might increase their ability to recognize its symptoms and take appropriate action. It also provides one course of action that was taken in the 2002 Vallejo and Sebastopol cases that caregivers may wish to discuss with their veterinarians should they determine that their rabbit is presenting with early myxomatosis (myxo) symptoms.

In these cases, the caregivers and treating veterinarians attempted to fight myxo and the spread of myxo within each herd by utilizing a drug that had been used by one Australian vet with some success earlier in the year.

That drug is Equimune I.V., manufactured by the Canadian-based company Bioniche Animal Health Research, Inc., and licensed for veterinary use in the U.S. against certain diseases in horses.

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MYXOMATOSIS ~ PREVENTION

The best way to prevent myxomatosis is to control external parasites such as mosquitoes, fleas, and mites. Rabbits should be kept indoors, if possible…Extreme care should be taken to prevent mechanical transmission to other rabbits through dishes, contamination of clothing, or other means.

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MYXOMATOSIS ~ DIAGNOSIS and TREATMENT

The diagnosis of myxomatosis is made through observing the clinical signs, biopsies of the lesions, and virus isolation. In many cases, because the rabbit dies suddenly, the diagnosis is made post-mortem (after death).

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